Adam Barker and Martin Swany, Indiana University, USA
Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are characterized by a network of small, battery powered devices, operating remotely with no pre-existing infrastructure. The unique structure of WSN allow for novel approaches to data reduction and energy preservation. This paper presents a modification to the existing Q-routing protocol by providing an alternate action of performing sensor data reduction in place thereby reducing energy consumption, bandwidth usage, and message transmission time. The algorithm is further modified to include an energy factor which increases the cost of forwarding as energy reserves deplete. This encourages the network to conserve energy in favor of network preservation when energy reserves are low. Our experimental results show that this approach can, in periods of high network traffic, simultaneously reduce bandwidth, conserve energy, and maintain low message transition times.
Ad Hoc Network Routing, Q-routing, Wireless Sensor Network, Computational Offloading, Energy Aware.