Formal Verification of Ecosystem Restoration Requirements using UML and Alloy


Tiago Sousa, Benoit Ries, and Nicolas Guelfi, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg


United Nations have declared the current decade (2021-2030) as the "UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration" to join R&D forces to fight against the ongoing environmental crisis. Given the ongoing degradation of earth ecosystems and the related crucial services that they offer to the human society, ecosystem restoration has become a major society‐critical issue. It is required to develop rigorously software applications managing ecosystem restoration. Reliable models of ecosystems and restoration goals are necessary. This paper proposes a rigorous approach for ecosystem requirements modeling using formal methods from a model‐driven software engineering point of view. The authors describe the main concepts at stake with a metamodel in UML and introduce a formalization of this metamodel in Alloy. The formal model is executed with Alloy Analyzer, and safety and liveness properties are checked against it. This approach helps ensuring that ecosystem specifications are reliable and that the specified ecosystem meets the desired restoration goals, seen in our approach as liveness and safety properties. The concepts and activities of the approach are illustrated with CRESTO, a real-world running example of a restored Costa Rican ecosystem.


Language and Formal Methods, Formal Software Engineering, Requirements Engineering, Ecosystem Restoration Modeling, Alloy, UML

Full Text  Volume 13, Number 16